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Designing Britain 1945 - 1975 > Oral testimony and the Interpretation of the Crafts > Resources > Glossary

Listed alphabetically are terms used during this module which may not be directly explained in the text.

* Bayswater Group - William Newland, Margaret Hine and Nicholas Vergette. All three lived and worked in Bayswater during the mid-1950s and shared a workshop in a basement flat in Bayswater until Vergette's departure for America in 1958.
* Camp Coffee - 'Camp' was a patented name for a product first produced by the Glasgow based firm R.Paterson in the 1890s. Camp coffee was cheap and sold mainly to the working classes between 1900 and 1945. It was a coffee substitute, (around 45% of the content was chicory).
* Central School of Arts and Crafts - The Central School of Arts & Crafts was founded in 1896. Dora Billington, (1890-1968), was Head of Ceramics from the 1930s until her retirement in 1955. She was the major source of inspiration for William Newland, Margaret Hine and Nicholas Vergette, (all students and later tutors at the Central).
* Earthenware - Low-fired pottery which is porous if unglazed. ( See also Tin-glazed earthenware, below).
* Faience - (see Tin-glazed earthenware, below)
* Hand-building - When a pot is not made on the potter's wheel or by another mechanical method it is usually hand-built. This technique can include pinching clay in to shape, making a pot from long coils of clay and joining slabs of clay together.
* Maiolica - (see tin-glazed earthenware)
* Picassoettes - Dr Jeffrey Jones, 'In search of the Picassoettes', Interpreting Ceramics e-journal, September 2000. In this essay Jones outlines the way in which the name Picassoettes has been assigned to Newland, Hine and Vergette as a term of derision, supposedly initiated by Bernard Leach. Their work was clearly inspired at this time by Picasso. Jones shows that there is no documentary proof to show that Bernard Leach ever described these artists as Picassoettes. It is rather in retrospect that the opposition between these two groups has been asserted.
* Stoneware - Pottery fired to a high temperature, (usually over 1200°C), when the body vitrifies and becomes impermeable. Stoneware glazes are usually quite muted in colour.
* Throwing - When pottery is made on a potter's wheel it is said to have been thrown.
* Tin-glazed earthenware - Also referred to as maiolica, faience and Delft, these terms all describe the painting of ceramic pigments on to an opaque white glaze, (the glaze contains tin oxide, which makes it white). It particularly lends itself to brightly coloured glazes applied on top of the white glaze.