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 Carlevariis, Luca (Italian painter and printmaker, 1663-1729) , The Arrival of the Fourth Earl of Manchester in Venice in 1707

Core Record

Title The Arrival of the Fourth Earl of Manchester in Venice in 1707
Collection Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery
Artist Carlevariis, Luca (Italian painter and printmaker, 1663-1729)
Previously attributed to Canaletto (Italian painter, 1697-1768)
Date Earliest about 1707
Date Latest about 1710
Signed yes
Description This scene shows the ceremony with which foreign ambassadors were received at Venice in the eighteenth century. Lord Manchester came to Venice on an ill-fated mission to secure the support of the Republic against France in 1707. Carlevaris painted the occasion and Lord Manchester brought the painting back to Kimbolton. Here we see Lord Manchester and his attendants entering the Doge's Palace. Carlevaris has not emphasised the central figures but, rather, laid stress on the busy life around, depicting the procession and its onlookers, and the garlanded gondolas. To the right is seen the south front of the Doge's Palace. Further away, the two columns with the Lion of St Mark and the statue of St Theodore, the front of the library of St Mark, the lantern-crowned roof of the Mint and the warehouses which were pulled down in the nineteenth century. On the other side of the Grand Canal, the cupolas of Sta. Maria della Salute tower into the sky.
Current Accession Number 1949P23
Former Accession Number P.36´49
Inscription front lr (on pillar) 'LC'
Subject townscape (Venice); history (Duke of Manchester, 1707); marine; everyday life (crowd, procession)
Measurements 132.0 x 246 cm.0 cm (estimate)
Material oil on canvas
Acquisition Details Purchased with the aid of the Feeney Bequest Fund 1949.
Provenance Lord Manchester; Dukes of Manchester, Kimbolton Castle sale, 18 July 1949, lot 29 as Canaletto; P. & D. Colnaghi.
Principal Exhibitions Art Treasures, Manchester, 1957, cat. no. 867; Eighteenth Century Venice, Whitechapel and Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, 1951, cat. no. 22; European Masters of the Eighteenth Century, Royal Academy, London, 1954, cat. no. 363; Art Treasures Centenary, Manchester Art Gallery, 1957, cat. no. 170; I Vedutisti Veneziani del Settecento, Venice, Doge's Palace, 1967, cat. no. 19; Old Masters from the City of Birmingham, Wildenstein Co. Ltd, 1970, cat. no. 20 & 20a; The Glory of Venice in the North, Kunstmuseum Düsseldorf im Ehrenhof, 1992, cat. no. 20, ill. (touring); A Venetian Perspective. The First One Hundred Years of Venetian View Painting, Victoria Art Gallery, Bath, 1988, cat. no. 5; An Eighteenth Century View: Luca Carlevaris and the Eighteenth Century Venetian View, Palazzo della Ragione, Padua, 1994.
Publications Rizzi, A., Luca Carlevarijs, 1967, pp. 39, 51 and 87, ill. 28; Toynbee, P., (ed.), 'Horace Walpole's Journals of Visits to Country Seats, etc.',The Walpole Society, vol. 16, 1928, p. 49; Nisser, W., 'Lord Manchester's reception at Venice', Burlington Magazine, vol. 72, 1937, pp. 30 - 34; Pope-Hennessy, J., 'A Group of Studies by Luca Carlevarijs', Burlington Magazine, vol. 73, 1938, p. 131; Gronau, G., 'Pitture Veneziane in Inghilterra', Arte Veneta, 1949, p. 183; 'Notable Works of Art now on the Market', Burlington Magazine, vol. 91, 1949; Watson, F.J. B., Canaletto, 1950, p. 13; Morassi, A., 'Pittura Veneziana del Settecento in una Mostra di Londra', Emporium, vol. 113, 1951, p. 222; Wittkower, R., Art and Architecture in Italy 1600 - 1750, 1958, p. 327; Constable, W. C., Canaletto, 1962, p. 69, pl. 7a; Levey, M., Painting in the Eighteenth Century, 1959, p. 78, ill. 31; Haskell, F., Patrons and Painters, 1959, pp. 276-277; Palluchini, R., La Pittura Veneziana del Settecento, 1960, pp. 33, 101; Mauroner, F., Luca Carlevaris, Padua, 1945, pp. 22, 24, 37, 51, 68; Beddington, C., Luca Carlevarijs, Views of Venice, Timken Museum of Art, California, 2001, pp. 16 - 19, fig. 15; Rizzi, A., Disegni, incisioni e bozzetti del Carlevarijs (ex cat), Udine/Rome, 1963-4, pp. 20, 108; Foreign Paintings in Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, A Summary Catalogue, 1983, no. 23, ill.
Notes An account of this event was written by Lord Manchester's secretary, Mr Christian Cole, who took part in the ceremonies he describes.

Peter Murray suggested that Carlevaris may have used a Camera Ottica owing to the slight distortion of the wall plane of the Doge's Palace (1950). If this is the case, this would be one of the earliest uses of the Camera Ottica.

Rights Owner Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery
Author Dr Patricia Smyth



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