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 Lorrain, Claude (French painter and draftsman, 1604-1682, active in Italy) , Embarkation of Saint Paul

Core Record

Title Embarkation of Saint Paul
Collection Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery
Artist Lorrain, Claude (French painter and draftsman, 1604-1682, active in Italy)
Date Earliest about 1653
Date Latest about 1655
Description This shows the embarkation of St. Paul from Caesarea to Rome, placed in an imaginary Claudian setting. The effect of light behind the figure of St. Paul is almost uncanny in the way it silhouettes the figure; an effect obtained by the simplest placing of a white blob of paint.
Current Accession Number 1962P69
Former Accession Number P.69´62
Subject landscape; religion (St Paul)
Measurements 38.0 x 53 cm.0 cm (estimate)
Material oil on metal (silver-plated copper)
Acquisition Details Purchased from Norman Crompton 1962.
Provenance Count Carlo Cardelli; sold Rome shortly after 1662; Grinling Gibbons and Parry Walton sale, Banqueting House, Whitehall, 1686, vendor and purchaser as The Imbarcation of Sancta Paula; William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne; Lansdowne sale, Coxe, London, 20 March 1806, lot 55, as Evening (in catalogue description,St Paul Carried into Bondage), bought by Sir Watkins Williams-Wynn, bart; descent in Williams-Wynn collection; Watkins Williams-Wynn sale, Wynnstay, N. Wales, 1947, bought by Norman Crompton.
Principal Exhibitions Whitchurch Art Exhibition, 1806 as Italian Port; British Institution, London, 1816, cat. no. 85 as A Seaport; British Institution, London, 1835, cat. no. 123 as A Sea View; British Institution, London, 1847, cat. no. 16; Royal Academy of Art, London, 1888, cat. no. 136; Art of Claude Lorraine, Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle, 1969, cat. no. 17; Art of Claude Lorraine, Hayward Gallery, London, 1969, cat. no. 26.
Publications Caracciolo, L., Liber Veritatis di Claudio Gellée, 1815; Pattison Claude Lorrain, sa vie et ses oeuvres, 1884, no. 132; O'Dullea, Claude Gellée le Lorrain, 1887, no. 132; Dillon, E., Claude, 1905, p. 89; Smith, J., Catalogue Raisonné: French Painters. 1837, no. 379; Rothlisberger, M., Claude Lorrain: The Paintings, 1961, pl. I, pp. 318-9; Woodward, J., 'Paintings by Dolci & Claude for Birmingham', Apollo, vol. 77, 1963, pp. 250-52, fig. 2; Rothsliberger, M., Claude Lorrain: The Drawings, p. 279; Foreign Paintings in Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, A Summary Catalogue, 1983, no. 31, ill.
Notes Related drawings at Bayonneand Plymouth. Between 1653 and 1655 the young Roman nobleman, Count Carlo Cardelli commissioned three paintings from Claude of which this was one. The Cardelli archives in Rome list a payment on 15 June 1654 for 'a Sunrise, framed'. This work is recorded in the Liber Veritatis as no. 132, inscribed Claudio F. Roma 1655. IVF. Facit per illmo sig Carlo Cardello.

Labels on the back 'Whitchurch Art Exhibition/ Claude Lorrain/ Sir Wa [...]' and 'Royal Academy Exhibition of the Works of the Old Masters/ Claude/ Landscape/ Sir Watkin Williams Wynn/ Wynnstay Ruabon'.

Rights Owner Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery
Author Dr Patricia Smyth



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