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Title Raising of Lazarus
Collection Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery
Artist Muziano, Girolamo (Italian painter, born 1528 or 1532, died 1592)
Date Earliest about 1570
Date Latest about 1580
Description Lazarus and his sisters, Martha and Mary, were friends of Jesus. Lazarus was taken ill but by the time Jesus arrived at their house, he had been dead for four days. The bible tells how Jesus prayed to God the Father and said, 'Lazarus, come out', and Lazarus emerged from the grave wrapped in burial cloths (John 11. 1-12). Muziano's composition shows Christ with Martha and, kneeling beside him, Mary Magdalene. Before Christ is the resurrected Lazarus.
Current Accession Number 1975P358
Former Accession Number P.358´75
Subject religion (Raising of Lazarus)
Measurements 299.0 x 244.2 cm cm (estimate)
Material oil on canvas
Acquisition Details Purchased with the aid of the V & A Purchase Grant Fund 1975.
Provenance [Cardinal Maffei;]; Christina of Sweden (inventories 1652, 1685, 1721); Cardinal Azzolino; Prince Odescalchi; Duke of Orleans (1724); Bryans Gallery sale, London, 14 February 1800, lot 28; Earl of Suffolk & Berkshire, Charlton; Malmesbury Abbey, Wiltshire; Sotheby's, London, 10 July 1974; Nardo Peretti until 1975.
Principal Exhibitions Bryan's Gallery, Pall Mall, Dec 1798 - June 1799
Publications Dubois de Saint-Gelais, Description des tableaux du Palais-Royal, 1727, pp. 258-259; Buchanan, W., Memoires of Painting, 1824, vol. I, p. 157; Granberg, O., La Galerie de Tableaux de la Reine Christine de Suède, 1897, pp. 12, 44; Stryenski, C., La Galerie du Regent, 1913, p. 156; da Como, U., Girolamo Muziano, 1930, p. 41; Mack, R., (Ph.D. thesis, Harvard University, 1972) no. 19; Procacci, 'Una vita inedita del Muziano' ,Art Veneta, vol. 8, 1954; Catalogue of Paintings in Birmingham City Museum and Art Gallery, 1960; Foreign Paintings in Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, A Summary Catalogue, 1983, no. 105.
Notes According to Mack, this is the picture considered lost since sold with the Duc d'Orléans collection during the French Revolution. This cannot be traced back beyond the reference in the Campori catalogue, ca. 1689 when Cristina of Sweden died. Her collection was willed to Cardinal Azzolino, from whom it passed to Prince Odescalchi. In 1720, bought by Duc d'Orléans, in whose collection it was engraved by Simon Vallée. Sold with Orléans collection in 1790, went to London, where the trail for previous scholars, (Hess, Beguin) ended. Mack also attributes the Raising of Lazarus at Fontainebleau, attributed by Beguin to Muziano and identified with the Orléans picture, to Siciolante da Sermoneta. She adds that the large, unfinished Resurrection of Lazarus still in Muziano's studio at his death could (as Hess suggested) be this picture. Mack dates this work to the early 1570s, between Muziano's Ruiz chapel (S. Caterina dei Funari) and Loreto paintings. However, John Marciari points out that the Birmingham picture is finished. He adds that there is a reference in Muziano's Vita of a Resurrection of Lazarus given by Muziano to Cardinal Maffei (identified as Marco Antonio Maffei by Procacci) which could be this painting.

Copy in the Louvre; Versions in Museo dell'Opera, Orvieto, Fontainebleau, Dijon, Vatican.

Rights Owner Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery
Author Dr Patricia Smyth



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