|Title||Saint Augustine; The Risen Christ|
|Alternative Title||Bowes Museum Altarpiece|
|Collection||Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle|
|Artist|| Attributed to Master of Saint Gudule (early Netherlandish painter, active ca.1470-1500) and studio
Previously attributed to school of Dürer, Albrecht (German printmaker and painter, 1471-1528)
Previously attributed to German (Westphalian) School
|Date Earliest||about 1465|
|Date Latest||about 1475|
This double-sided panel is a component of an elaborate altarpiece with scenes of the Passion, which includes a carved Crucifixion and six painted panels. Saint Augustine is one of the Four Fathers of the Church represented on the verso of the altarpiece shutters.
He is seated with a book open on his lap, holding his staff and a heart, attired in a rich cloak and bishop's mitre.
On the recto, the Risen Christ displays his wounds to the apostles in a vaulted interior. In the background, Christ and two disciples on their way to Emmaus can be seen through a window.
|Current Accession Number||B.M.1023|
|Subject||religion (St Augustine, Risen Christ)|
|Measurements||133.5 x 60.5 cm (estimate)|
|Material||oil on panel|
|Acquisition Details||Bequeathed by the founders John and Joséphine Bowes 1885.|
|Provenance||Purchased by John and Joséphine Bowes from Monbro, 1859, as Rétable ancien a 6 portes peintes, as school of Dürer, 1500 fr.|
|Principal Exhibitions||Loan Exhibition of Pictures from the Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle, Agnews, London, 1952, cat. no. 27, as Westphalian School.|
|Publications||Woods, K. W., 'Five Netherlandish Carved Altarpieces in England and the Brussels School of Carving c. 1470-1520', Burlington Magazine, vol. 138, 1996, pp. 788-94.|
Other painted panels from the altarpiece are inv. numbers: B.M. 1018; B.M. 1019; B. M. 1020; B. M. 1021; B. M. 1022.
K. W. Woods suggested a date between 1480-85 for the altarpiece, the carved elements of which she related to the style of Rogier van der Weyden.
The inclusion of the Four Fathers of the Church in the altarpiece may be owed to the influence of the medieval Devotio Moderna movement and its emphasis on biblical sources and the writings of the Latin Fathers.
|Rights Owner||The Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle, Co. Durham|
|Author||Dr Mercedes Cerón; Dr Howard Coutts|