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Title The Tears of Saint Peter
Collection Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle
Artist Attributed to after Ribera, Jusepe de (Spanish painter and printmaker, baptized in 1591, died 1652, active in Italy)
Previously attributed to Herrera, Alonso de (Spanish painter, 1555-1624)
Previously attributed to Tristán de Escamilla, Luis (Spanish painter, ca. 1587-1624)
Date Earliest possibly about 1650
Date Latest possibly about 1750
Description This is probably a copy of a picture by Jusepe Ribera. The theme of St Peter's tears was often represented by El Greco and by his follower Luis Tristán de Escamilla, to whom this work was attributed in the past. The existence of other copies by painters such as David Teniers gives an idea of the popularity of Ribera's original. Saint Peter is depicted weeping after he denied Christ three times, as predicted at the Last Supper. This subject was especially favoured during the period of the Counter-reformation, when it was interpreted as a reference to the importance of repentance.
Current Accession Number B.M.41
Former Accession Number No. 169
Subject religion (St Peter)
Measurements 22.5 x 18 cm (estimate)
Material oil on panel
Acquisition Details Bequeathed by the founders John and Joséphine Bowes 1885.
Provenance Purchased by John and Joséphine Bowes from the collection of the late Conde de Quinto, 1862(;), cat. no. 72, as by Francisco de Herrera.
Publications Von Loga, V., Die Malerei in vom XIV. bis XVIII. Jahrhundert, Berlin, 1923, p. 240; Young, E., Catalogue of Spanish Paintings, Middlesbrough, 1988, pp. 180-81.
Notes This painting is probably a copy of Saint Peter attributed to Jusepe Ribera, from the collection of Archduke Leopold Wilhelm, Vienna (1908 catalogue, no. 503). David Teniers's copy of this work is now in the Uffizi (Enriqueta Frankfort, correspondence, 1963). Dr M. Lenzini Moriondo, of the Galleria degli Uffizi, confirmed that the Teniers copy after Ribera belonged to their collection (inv. 1027) and was at the time stored at the Palazzo Pitti (correspondence, 1963). E. du Gué Trapier, of the Hispanic Society of America, rejected the previous attribution of the Bowes painting to Luis Tristán and observed that it was not Spanish, but probably Italian (correspondence, 1963). The Bowes painting was attributed to Pierre Louis Richard by Martin Soria.
Rights Owner The Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle, Co. Durham
Author Dr Mercedes Cerón



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