|Title||Portrait of Anne Stuart, Maréchale d’Aubigny|
|Alternative Title||Portrait of Madame Daubigny, née Anne Stuart|
|Collection||Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery|
|Artist|| Studio of Corneille de Lyon (Netherlandish painter, born 1500-1510, died 1575, active in France)
Previously attributed to Corneille de Lyon (Netherlandish painter, born 1500-1510, died 1575, active in France)
|Date Earliest||probably about 1533|
|Date Latest||probably about 1536|
|Description||Anne Stuart was married to her relative Robert Stuart, Lord d'Aubigny, Maréchal of France, and was a lady-in-waiting to Queen Eleanor. Her portrait has been dated to the period 1533-36 and is one of a series by Corneille de Lyon and his workshop, which was produced when Corneille was painter to the Queen. A drawing depicts the same sitter as a widow several years later, and must have been made shortly after her husband's death in 1543 or 1544. Although the inscription on the Bristol version is very old, it is probably a later addition.|
|Current Accession Number||K1655|
|Former Accession Number||71/1946|
|Inscription||front ul-c 'MADAME'; front uc-r 'DAVBEINII'|
|Subject||portrait (Stuart, Anne)|
|Measurements||18.0 x 15.8 cm cm (estimate)|
|Material||probably oil on panel|
|Acquisition Details||Bequeathed by F. P. M. Schiller 1946.|
|Provenance||By descent through Stuart family to Colonel Stuart-Wortley, by 1904 [;]; anonymous sale, Christie's, 22 March 1918, lot 130, bought by H. A. Buttery; purchased by F. P. M Schiller from H. A. Buttery, 1918.|
|Principal Exhibitions||Probably Primitifs français, Louvre, 1904, cat. no. 173; Primitives to Picasso, Royal Academy, London,1962, cat. no. 39.|
|Publications||Dimier, L., Histoire de la peinture en France au XVIe Siècle , II, Paris & Brussels, 1925, cat. no. 22, p. 69, as by Atelier de Corneille de Lyon; Catalogue of Oil Paintings, City Art Gallery, Bristol, Bristol, 1970, p. 139, no. K1656, as attributed to Corneille de Lyon; Dubois de Groër, A. Corneille de La Haye dit Corneille de Lyon (1500/1510-1575), Paris, 1996, cat. no. 19A, pp. 123-126.|
See Dubois de Groër (1996) for the Louvre version of the portrait, variants, and the drawing in the Musée Condé, Chantilly. The author also discusses and rejects the alternative identification of the sitter as Anne de Queille.
For Robert Stuart (Stewart) see E. Bonner, 'Stewart, Robert (about 1470-1544)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford, 2004, online edn. May 2005, where Anne Stuart is said to have died in 1517 and the Maréchal remarried by 1527 to Jacqueline de la Queille (d. about 1547/8).
F. Watson, Wallace Collection, believed the Bristol version to be identifiable with that in the collection of Colonel Stuart-Wortley, cited by Dimier and exhibited in 1904 at the Louvre, correspondence, 1950. Although Dubois de Groër doubted this (because of discrepancies between the inscription on K1655 and the inscription recorded on the work exhibited in Paris 'Madame d'Aubeinhy'), a label on the reverse of K1655 appears to confirm the provenance to the Stuart collection, typescript: 'STUART COLLECTION / HIGHCLIFFE'.
Old label on reverse, inscribed in ink: 'Anne Stuart , co [...] oger et Dame d'aubig[ny] / fille unique de Beraut [...] seig[neu]r d'aubigny, Connétable de Sicile, et d. / ne de Maumont; femme de Robert Stuart, fait maréchal de france en 1515. [...] o; [...]/ le Maréchal d'aubigny, Capitaine d[es] cent Gardes du Corps Ecossais et g;o/verneur de Bresse, qui mourut en 1543 sans posterité. / Cette branche des Stuarts s'Etablit en france sous le regne de Charles / 7. et y subsista jusqu'en 1672. qu [...] dernier. Mâle y mou [... ], pan [...] / titre de Duc de Richmond. Les Princes descendaient des Rois d'Ecosse / comme les Rois d'Angleterre. / [...] d'ho[;]lge [...]'.
|Rights Owner||Bristol's Museums, Galleries & Archives|
|Author||Dr Susan Steer|