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Title Officer in Armour
Alternative Title Man Lighting his Pipe
Collection Cannon Hall Museum, Park and Gardens, Barnsley
Artist Coques, Gonzales (Flemish painter, ca. 1614-1684)
Date Earliest probably about 1640
Date Latest 1684
Description Coques was born and died in Antwerp, the son of the painter Pieter Willemsen. At the age of twelve he entered the house of Pieter Brueghel the Younger and later of David Ryckaert the second, whose daughter he married. Although he started as a painter of interiors he soon became a portraitist in the style of Van Dyck whom he emulated. This earned him the nickname of the 'little Van Dyck'. He worked for a number of royal patrons including Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, the Elector of Brandenburg and the Archduke Leopold William. He visited England and several portraits of British nobility and royalty survive, including portraits of Lord Halifax and King Charles V. He is perhaps best known for the group portraits of families. He most commonly worked on a very small scale. As in this portrait, Coques dresses a number of his other male sitters in armour. He is known to have used other artists for the landscape, architecture and still-lifes in his paintings.
Current Accession Number A1916
Subject figure
Measurements 15.8 x 13.3 cm cm (estimate)
Material oil on metal (copper)
Acquisition Details Given by the National Art-Collections Fund 2002.
Provenance John Gylby Uppleby, deceased, sale, Christie's, London, 6 April 1861, lot 285 bought by Rutley, 12 1s 6d; William Harvey of Barnsley, about 1861; by descent to Henry Harvey, J. P. (1867-1879); by descent to William Harvey of Leeds (1879-1917); given by William Harvey to National Loan Collection Trust, 19 June 1917; transferred to National Art-Collections Fund, 20 May 2002.
Principal Exhibitions Yorkshire Exhibition of Arts and Manufacturers, Leeds, 1875, cat. no. 643, as Man lighting his Pipe; The Loan Collection of Works by 'Old Masters', and by deceased artists of the English and Foreign Schools, Municipal Art Gallery, Leeds, 1889-90, cat. no. 508, as Officer in Armour; Exhibition of Works by Flemish and Modern Belgian Painters, Guildhall, London, 1906, cat. no. 111, as An Officer in Armour, .
Publications Catalogue of Pictures in the National Loan Collection Trust, London, 1919, 1920, 1928, 1930, 1937, cat. no. 11, ill. pp. 28-29; Catalogue of Pictures in the National Loan Collection Trust, London, 1954, cat. no. 11, p. 4; The William Harvey Collection of Dutch and Flemish Paintings, Cannon Hall Museum, 1975, cat. no. 11; Yorkshire Exhibition of Arts and Manufacturers, Leeds, 1875, cat. no. 643, p. 279, as Man lighting his Pipe.

The catalogue of the sale of John Gylby Uppleby states that this work is a companion to lot 284, 'A lady in a white silk dress and lace collar, holding a bouquet of flowers - half length-small'.

This painting is part of a collection formed by William Harvey of Barnsley (1811-1867). Harvey was a Quaker, whose family made its money in the linen industry. Most of the paintings were acquired between 1849 and 1866 through the dealer Thomas R. Rutley and his son Colonel J. L. Rutley. The company later traded as Messrs Rutley. The collection consists mainly of Dutch and Flemish seventeenth-century paintings. On his death, the collection passed to Harvey's brother, Henry Harvey, J.P. (1814-1879). Nothing was added to the collection during this period and it was passed by descent to a nephew, William Harvey of Leeds. William Harvey of Leeds donated his collection to the National Loan Collection Trust in 1917. The purpose of the Trust was to lend pictures to regional galleries in England and the British Colonies. It was finally agreed to lend the collection on long term loan to Cannon Hall in Barnsley and in 2002 the collection was transferred to them on a permanent basis.

No invoice for this painting survives. Details of the provenance appear in the catalogue of the NLCT in 1919.

Auction catalogue entry: Catalogue of the very extensive and valuable collection of Pictures, by Old Masters of the Italian, Flemish, Dutch, French & English Schools formed during the last Thirty Years, with refined Taste and great Judgement, by that well-known and highly respected Amateur, John Gylby Uppleby, Esq., deceased ..., Christie, Manson & Woods, 6 April 1861, 285: 'An Officer in Armour, with lace collar, his hand resting on a helmet-the companion' - Rutley, 12.1s.6d.

Rights Owner Cannon Hall Museum (Barnsley Metropolitan Council)
Author Dr Madeleine Korn



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