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Title In the Grindelwald; The Wetterhorn in the valley of Grindelwald, canton of Berne (Switzerland)
Collection Cooper Gallery, Barnsley
Artist Daligé de Fontenay, Léonard-Alexis (French painter 1813-1892)
Date 1861 (dated)
Signed yes
Description Léonard-Alexis Daligé de Fontenay was born and died in Paris. He studied with Louis Etienne Watelet (1780-1866) and Louis Hersent (1777-1860) at L'École des Beaux-Arts de Paris, which he entered in 1831. He first showed at the Salon in Paris in 1833. He was a founding member of L'Association Taylor. He travelled a great deal, visiting Switzerland, Corsica, Germany and the French Antilles. This is a typical example of his work, which often depict mountain scenes. These views were painted en plein air, that is out of doors, in front of the subject, only ‘touching up' being done in the studio. His works are in a number of museums in France, including those in Montpelier, Montauban and Nantes.
Current Accession Number CP/TR113
Inscription front ll 'A de Fontenay 1861'
Subject animal (cow, dog); figure; landscape; place (Grindelwald)
Measurements 110.6 x 165.5 cm cm (estimate)
Material oil on canvas
Acquisition Details Bequeathed by Samuel Joseph Cooper to the Trustees of the Cooper Art Gallery 1913.
Provenance Samuel Joshua Cooper of Mount Vernon, near Barnsley by 22 June 1912.
Principal Exhibitions Salon, Paris, 1861, cat. no. 1142; Exhibition of Permanent Collection for the Re-opening, 3rd May, 1957, Cooper Art Gallery, Barnsley, 1957, cat. no. 38.
Publications Catalogue of the Cooper Art Gallery, Barnsley, 1915, cat. no. 31, p. 4; Catalogue of the Cooper Art Gallery, Barnsley, [about 1935], cat. no. 31; Catalogue of the Cooper Art Gallery Permanent Collection, Barnsley, [about 1957], cat. no. 113 or 272; Paris Salon de 1861, Paris, 1861, cat. no. 1142, p. 138.

This painting does not appear in Cooper's notebook labelled 'Pictures at Mount Vernon', dated 20 April 1891, Sheffield Archives, Ref 386/B 2/2.

The painting is in an inventory and valuation dated 22 June 1912 that was compiled for Cooper by Pawsey & Payne, Sheffield Archives, Ref 386/B 2/3 (1-2) as follows: '31. A FONTENAY In the Grindelwald A gallery work [3]52. 10. - (Gave £100 for it in the sales)'.

The following details appear in the catalogue of the Paris Salon of 1861: Fontenay (Alexis de) né à Paris, élève de Hersent et de M. Watelet.
Méd. 3e cl. (Paysage) 1841 - Méd. 2e cl. 1844 Quai de l' École, 8. 1142 - 'Le Wetterhorn dans la valleé de Grindelwald, canton de Berne (Suisse)'.

Samuel Joshua Cooper (1830-1913) was born in Barnsley, Yorkshire. He was the son of a prosperous colliery owner and linen manufacturer. On the death of his father he inherited a considerable fortune, leading to his early retirement. He lived primarily at Mount Vernon, near Barnsley but also owned Cowick Hall, near Snaith, where part of his collection was also kept. Between 1862 and 1912 he formed the collection now at the Cooper Art Gallery, Barnsley. Several nineteenth-century French and Italian paintings were acquired by Cooper during his frequent visits to Europe. He bought these either from dealers or from the annual official exhibitions and salons held in these countries. Several works are also known to have come from a local dealer, Edmund Bates in Leeds. Although it is known that he acquired the majority of nineteenth-century works between 1862 and 1891, as these are detailed and recorded in a notebook written by him dated 1891, it is not known when he purchased the old master paintings and, therefore, he may have either inherited them from his father or acquired them after the notebook was written.

The original bequest comprised 275 paintings and drawings, over half of which were continental. There are a number of Dutch old master paintings of a high quality, but it is the French works that predominate in the collection. These are in the main works by academic Salon painters but also include a number of examples by Diaz and Isabey, painters from the Barbizon School. On his death Cooper bequeathed the paintings to a board of trustees with the provision that they establish a public art gallery in Barnsley.

Rights Owner Published by kind permission of the Cooper Gallery Trustees
Author Dr Madeleine Korn



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