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Attributed to manner of Paolo Fiammingo (Flemish painter, 1540-1596) , The Annunciation to Joachim

Core Record

Title The Annunciation to Joachim
Collection Culture and Sport Glasgow (Museums): Kelvingrove Museum
Artist Attributed to manner of Paolo Fiammingo (Flemish painter, 1540-1596)
Previously attributed to Bassano, Jacopo, il vecchio (Italian painter and draftsman, ca. 1510-1592)
Previously attributed to manner of Toeput, Lodewijk (Flemish painter and printmaker, ca. 1550-ca. 1605, active in Italy)
Date Earliest about 1580
Date Latest about 1590
Description This scene is based on the apocryphal accounts of the life of Mary. The Angel Gabriel announces to Joachim, the elderly father of Mary, that his wife Anna will bear a child. This child, Mary, will be conceived immaculately - without sin. The Angel sends a shaft of light to Joachim and points at Anna and up to heaven to emphasise the miraculous character of the event. In the 1970s the painting was attributed to Pauwels Frack (Meijer, 1975), also known as Paolo Fiammingo (c.1540-1596), an Antwerp painter, and dated to c. 1590 (Mason Rinaldi 1978). Franck moved to Italy in 1573 and was in Venice in 1580, where he is said to have worked in Tintoretto's workshop painting landscape backgrounds, before setting up as an independent master. The Glasgow work shows the artist's Flemish roots in the typical high view point used for the landscape background, and the sense of detail with many small figures engaged in harvesting and wine making. Furthermore, Joachim's figure seems to be based on one of the soldiers in Durer's Resurrection woodcut (1510, Large Passion series). Italian influences are also present in e.g. the composition, which is reminiscent of Jacopo Tintoretto's Annunciation (Scuola San Rocco, Venice); in the interior on the left, which owes much to Jacopo Bassano, and in the light palette derived from Paolo Veronese.
Current Accession Number 1591
Subject religion (Annunciation to Joachim); figure; animal; landscape
Measurements 160.0 x 118.1 cm cm (estimate)
Material oil on canvas
Acquisition Details Bequeathed by Sir Claude Phillips 1924.
Principal Exhibitions The Age of Titian, National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, 2004, cat. no. 77, as by Pauwels Franck (Paolo Fiammingo)
Publications Catalogue Descriptive and Historical of the Pictures in the Glasgow Art Galleries and Museums, Introduction by James Eggleton, Glasgow, 1935, p. 19 as by Jacopo Bassano, 1510/15-1592, Italian-Venetian; Arslan, E., I Bassano, 2 vols, Milan, 1960, p. 344; Catalogue of Italian Paintings with which is included a small group of Spanish Pictures, Illustrations, Introduction by George Buchanan, Art Gallery and Museum, Glasgow, 1970, p. 101, repr. b/w; B.W. Meijer, 'Paolo Fiammingo reconsidered', Mededelingen van het Nederlands Instittut in Rome, NS, II, 1975, pp. 129-30, note 67; Mason Rinaldi, S., 'Paolo Fiammingo', Saggi e Memorie di Stria dell'Arte, XI, 1978, pp. 47-80, pp. 54, 60; Humfrey, P., Clifford, T., Weston-Lewis, A., Bury, M., The Age of Titian, exh. cat. National Galleries of Scotland, 2004, no. 77, p. 201, as by Pauwels Franck (Paolo Fiammingo)
Notes Bequeathed as by Jacopo Bassano
Rights Owner Culture and Sport Glasgow (Museums)
Author Dr Erma Hermens



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