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 Maris, Matthijs (Dutch painter, 1839-1917) , Diana

Core Record

Title Diana
Collection Culture and Sport Glasgow (Museums): Kelvingrove Museum
Artist Maris, Matthijs (Dutch painter, 1839-1917)
Attributed to Bellanger, Camille Felix (French artist, 1853-1923)
Attributed to Bellenger, Georges (French artist, 1847-1915)
Date Earliest possibly about 1877
Date Latest possibly about 1878

Diana, the goddess of the hunt, is standing in a forest. She is naked except for drapery over her lower abdomen. In her right hand she is holding a bow, and with her left hand she reaches for an arrow, kept in a shaft hanging on her back.

The name of one of the two supposed co-creators of this work is under question. According to old museum records, Matthew Maris, a Dutch painter, overpainted this work, possibly by Camille Felix Bellanger, in several areas for the dealer Daniel Cottier in London. Maris had rooms in Cottier's house in London for 15 years, between 1872 and 1885. According to testimonies, he decorated glass globes for the Cottier firm, restored paintings by other artists, and often reworked them against his will. The painting does recall the style of Camille Felix Bellanger, who used sources of mythology as an inspiration for his work. However, the painting was exhibited by Cottier in 1878 and listed as Diana by George S. Bellanger (1847-1915); he too used sources of mythology for his work. Furthermore, in the 1883 Pedestal Fund Loan Exhibition, New York it was listed as Bellenger and Matthew Maris, Diana. The figure has been overpainted with the general aim of creating a less solid image by lightening the shaded areas. The light material which flows over Diana's body was probably an addition too.

Current Accession Number 1727
Subject mythology (Diana); figure
Measurements 199.4 x 103.8 cm cm (estimate)
Material oil on canvas
Acquisition Details Given by William Milne 1927.
Provenance Daniel Cottier, London/New York, by 1873 and in his possession in 1883; R. T. Hamilton Bruce sale, Christie's, London, 16 May 1903, lot 23, as Diana, by Bellange and Matthijs Maris, bought by W. Craibe Angus, Glasgow, for £48; bought from unknown source by William Milne, by 1927.
Principal Exhibitions Daniel Cottier, New York, 1873; Cottier & Co. sale, S. P. Avery, New York, 23, 24 April 1878, lot 130; The Cottier Collection. The Great Modern Classic Painters, Leavitt Art Galleries, New York, 1878, cat. no. 130, as Diana, by George S. Bellenger; The Pedestal Fund Art Loan Exhibition, National Academy of Design, New York, 1883, cat. no. 86, as Diana, by Bellinger and Matthew Maris, loaned by Daniel Cottier, New York.
Publications French Paintings and Drawings Illustrated Summary Catalogue, Art Gallery and Museum, Glasgow, 1985, p. 15; Glasgow Herald, 18 May 1903; O'Brien, Maureen C., In Support of Liberty, European Paintings at the 1883 Pedestal Fund Art Loan Exhibition, New York, 1986, pp. 41, 46, fig. 46.
Notes Stamp on stretcher ‘COTTIER & CO; stencil on stretcher ‘507 BV'; labels on back ‘Maris M & Bellanger 252/25'; ‘Maris M & Bellnager 276/3'; ‘Maris, M & Bellanger 275/3'. The work was apparently published by Haverkorn van Rijsewijk, 1919, p. 97.
Rights Owner Culture and Sport Glasgow (Museums)
Author Dr Georgia Toutziari and Suzanne Veldink



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