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 Cézanne, Paul (French painter and draftsman, 1839-1906) , The Star Ridge with the King

Core Record

Title The Star Ridge with the King's Peak
Alternative Title La Chaîne de l'étoile avec le Pilon du Roi; Environs de Gardanne; Near Gardanne
Collection Culture and Sport Glasgow (Museums): Kelvingrove Museum
Artist Cézanne, Paul (French painter and draftsman, 1839-1906)
Date Earliest 1878
Date Latest 1879
Description This landscape shows a view of the range of mountains, La Chaîne de l'Etoile, just to the south of Aix-en-Provence, the city in the south of France where Cézanne lived and worked. Like many of Cézanne's paintings this work has not been finished. While the band of houses, buildings and hills in the middle ground have been worked in over a number of sessions, the area of grass in the foreground, the mountain range and the sky have been thinly painted. No doubt to signal his dissatisfaction, the artist seems to have slashed the area of sky above the houses on the right where repairs to a long vertical tear can be seen.
Current Accession Number 2932
Subject landscape
Measurements 50.4 x 60.2 cm cm (estimate)
Material oil on canvas
Acquisition Details Given by Mrs Jessie McInnes 1952.
Provenance Ambroise Vollard, Paris; purchased by Etienne Bignou, Paris, 1934; purchased by Alex Reid; David Eccles, London; purchased by Alex Reid and Lefèvre, London, 1942; from whom purchased by William McInnes 1942;
Principal Exhibitions Paintings from the Ambroise Vollard Collection, Knoedler Galleries, New York, 1933, cat. no. 6, as Environs de Gardanne; Renoir, Cézanne and their Contemporaries, Alex Reid and Lefèvre, London, 1934, cat. no. 5; French Painting of the 19th Century, McLellan Galleries, Glasgow, 1934 , cat. no. 9; Homage to Paul Cézanne, Wildenstein, London, 1939, cat. no. 31; French Paintings of the 19th and 20th Centuries, Alex Reid & Lefèvre, London, 1942, cat. no. 4; The Spirit of France, French Painting of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Century, Art Gallery and Museum, Glasgow, 1943, cat. no. 55; French Paintings of the 19th and 20th Centuries, Scottish Arts Council Gallery, Edinburgh, 1955, cat. no. 4; XIXth and XXth Century French Paintings, Museum and Art Gallery, Belfast, 1958-59, cat. no. 3; Franzoische Malerei von Delacroix bis Picasso, Stadthalle, Wolfsubrg, 1961, cat. no. 18; Boudin to Picasso, Masterpieces from Kelvingrove, Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh, 1968, as Near Gardanne, about 1885; Exposition Cézanne, Musèe National d'Art Occidental, Tokyo (touring) 1974, cat. no. 22; Masterpieces of French 19th Century Art from the Collections of Glasgow Museums, Isetan Museum of Art, Tokyo (touring), 1994, cat. no. 39; Landscapes of France: Imressionism and Its Rivals, Hayward Galleries, London (touring), 1995-96, cat. no. 88
Publications Paintings from the Ambroise Vollard Collection, Knoedler Galleries, New York, 1933, cat. no. 6, as Environs de Gardanne; Renoir, Cézanne and their Contemporaries, Alex Reid and Lefèvre, London, 1934, cat. no. 5; French Painting of the 19th Century, McLellan Galleries, Glasgow, 1934 , cat. no. 9; Vanturi, Lionello, Cézanne, Son Art, Son Oeuvre, Paris, 1936, vol. 1, cat. no. 418, p. 155, plate 116, as 1884-58, revised dates 1883-85; Homage to Paul Cézanne, Wildenstein, London, 1939, cat. no. 31; Barnes, A., and de Mazia, V., The Art of Cézanne, New York, 1939, cat. no. 93; French Paintings of the 19th and 20th Centuries, Alex Reid & Lefèvre, London, 1942, cat. no. 4; The Spirit of France, French Painting of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Century, Art Gallery and Museum, Glasgow, 1943, cat. no. 55; Scottish Art Review, vol. 4, no. 1, 1952, ill. p. 16; Scottish Art Review, vol. 4, no. 3, 1953, p. 14, ill. p. 18; French Paintings of the 19th and 20th Centuries, Scottish Arts Council Gallery, Edinburgh, 1955, cat. no. 4; XIXth and XXth Century French Paintings, Museum and Art Gallery, Belfast, 1958-59, cat. no. 3; Franzoische Malerei von Delacroix bis Picasso, Stadthalle, Wolfsubrg, 1961, cat. no. 18; Mc Neill Reid, A. J., Scottish Art Review, vol. 7, no. 3, 1960, pp. 18-19; Gatto, Alfonso, L'opera completa di Cézanne, Milan, 1970, cat. no. 346, ill. p. 102, as 1884-85; Honeyman, T.J., Art amd Audacity London, 1971, ill. pp. 104-105; Exposition Cézanne, Musee National d'Art Occidental, Tokyo (touring) 1974, cat. no. 22; Rischel, J.J., Cézanne in Philadelphia Collections, Philadelphia, 1983, p. 62, fig. 29b; Masterpieces of French 19th Century Art from the Collections of Glasgow Museums, Isetan Museum of Art, Tokyo (touring), 1994, cat. no. 39, pp. 114-15, ill. pp. 204-5; Landscapes of France: Imressionism and Its Rivals, Hayward Galleries, London (touring), 1995-96, cat. no. 88 pp. 240-1; Rewald, John, The Paintings of Paul Cézanne, A Catalogue Raisonnè, Thames and Hudson, London, 1996, vol. 1, cat. no. 399, p. 266, vol. 2, ill. p. 216
Notes Vollard archives, photo no. 515, annotated by Cézanne's son: Aix 1885; Vollard stockbook no. 3534(A), as Au premier plan une band verte apres qq. Vallonements de terain - ciel gris bleu 50 x 60; 7142(C) Paysage. Collines bleus as fond. Midi. 50 x 60. Alex Reid wrote, in the Scottish Art Review, vol. 7, no. 3, that the painting was 'eventually most skillfully restored by Helmut Ruheman[.]'
Rights Owner Culture and Sport Glasgow (Museums)
Author Vivien Hamilton
 

 

 

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