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 Brueghel, Jan, the elder (Flemish painter, draftsman, 1568-1625) , Nature and Her Followers

Core Record

Title Nature and Her Followers
Alternative Title Nature adorned by the Graces; The Luxuries of Nature; Three Graces with Fruit
Collection Culture and Sport Glasgow (Museums): Kelvingrove Museum
Artist Brueghel, Jan, the elder (Flemish painter, draftsman, 1568-1625)
Rubens, Peter Paul (Flemish painter and draftsman, 1577-1640)
Date Earliest about 1615
Date Latest about 1619
Description Centrally, stands a statue of Nature shown as a female figure with multiple breasts. Three nude females, one standing on the back of a satyr, are arranging a drape over the statue's shoulders. Below is a bearded figure bearing a torch with a satyr to his right and a dark skinned Ethiopian to his left. Further down three nymphs and a satyr pick from the garland of fruit and flowers that surrounds the central action. Above, a satyr arranges a crimson drape and two putti crown Nature with a wreath of flowers.
Current Accession Number 609
Inscription front cc 'MAGNA[...]TRI/ TERRĈ O[...]RETI'
Subject allegory
Measurements 106.7 x 72.4 cm cm (estimate)
Material oil on panel
Acquisition Details Bequeathed by Mrs John Graham-Gilbert 1877.
Provenance Possibly bought from Rubens by the 1st Duke of Buckingham, 1625/7; probably sold by the 2nd Duke of Buckingham, Antwerp, 1648; M. Ronde, Paris; from whom bought by Sir James Thornhill, 1716/17, 3,000 livres; Thornhill sale, London, 25 February 1734, lot 99; Mary Edwards sale, London, 29 May 1746, lot 140; Braamcamp sale, Amsterdam, 31 July 1771, lot 194, bought by Minucci ('Benousti';); bought from Dr Ward by Sir Lawrence Dundas; Dundas sale, London, 31 May 1794, lot 36, bought by Cummings for the Earl of Ashburnham, £882; Ashburnham sale, London, 20 July 1850, lot 62, bought by Fuller, £1,050; Samuel Woodburn, dealer, sale, London, 16 May 1854, lot 192, bought by John Graham-Gilbert (1794-1866), £388.10s; by descent to Mrs. John Graham-Gilbert.
Principal Exhibitions Dowdeswell Galleries, London, 1912, cat. no. 14; Seventeenth-Century Art in Europe, Royal Academy, London, 1938, cat. no. 65, as c. 1615; Flemish Art 1300-1700, Royal Academy, London, 1953/4, cat. no. 194, as c. 1614-15; L'Art Flamand dans les Collections Britanniques, Musée Communal, Bruges, 1956, cat. no. 64, as c. 1613-14; Glasgow, 1973, cat. no. 109; Paintings from the Glasgow Art Gallery, Wildenstein, London, 1980, cat. no. 26, as c. 1615; Rubens: A Genius at Work, Brussels, 2007.
Publications Vertue, G., 'Notebooks'', The Walpole Society, XX, 1932, p. 102, XXII, 1934, p. 74, XXIV, 1936, p. 68; Fairfax, B., A Catalogue of the Curious Collection [...] of George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, London, 1758, p. 16, no. 11; Smith, J., A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of Dutch, Flemish and French Painters, II, London, 1830, p. 351, no. 705; Smith, J., Supplement to the Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of Dutch, Flemish and French Painters, London, 1842, no. 247; Rooses, M., L'Oeuvre de P. P. Rubens, IV, Antwerp, 1892, no. 821; Oldenbourg, R., P. P. Rubens: des Meisters Gëmalde, Stuttgart, 1921, p. 61, as 1613-14; Miles, H., Catalogue of Dutch and Flemish Paintings in the Glasgow Art Gallery, Glasgow, 1961, I, pp. 117-120, no. 609, II, p. 22, as c. 1615, figures by Rubens, garland by J. Bruegel I; Sutton, D. in Apollo, LXXXVI, September 1967, p. 208; Ertz, K., Jan Brueghel die Ältere: Die Gemälde, Cologne, 1979, pp. 316, 325, 616, no. 349, as c. 1619; McEvansoneya, P., 'Vertue, Walpole and the documentation of the Buckingham collection', Journal of the History of Collections, 8/1, 1996, pp. 2-3, fig. 1; Woollett, A., and A. van Suchtelen, Rubens and Brueghel: A Working Friendship, exh. cat., Los Angeles and The Hague, 2006, pp. 156-165, 246-248, fig. 83; Wenley, R., 'Masterpieces of a Merchant City', Apollo, CLXIX, July 2006, pp. 46-47, 46, fig. 9; McGrath, E., 'Garlanding the Great Mother', in K. van der Stighelen (ed.), Pictura Nova X: Munuscula Amicorum, Contributions on Rubens and His Colleagues in Honour of Hans Vlieghe, Turnhout, 2006, pp. 103-122.
Rights Owner Culture and Sport Glasgow (Museums)
Author Robert Wenley



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