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Attributed to Italian (Tuscan) School , The Judgement of Paris

Core Record

Title The Judgement of Paris
Collection Culture and Sport Glasgow (Museums): The Burrell Collection
Artist Attributed to Italian (Tuscan) School
Previously attributed to school of Domenico Veneziano (Italian painter, ca.1400-1461)
Previously attributed to manner of Pesellino, Francesco (Italian painter, probably born 1422, died 1457)
Previously attributed to Domenico Veneziano (Italian painter, ca.1400-1461)
Previously attributed to Italian (Florentine) School
Previously attributed to Master of Paris (Italian painter, active late 15th century)
Previously attributed to Michelino de` Molinari da Besozzo (Italian painter and illuminator, active late 14th - early 15th century)
Date Earliest 1440
Date Latest 1460
Description This The Judgement of Paris was formerly attributed to the Florentine master Domenico Veneziano (b. c.1410, d. 1461). It was possibly once paired with another painting showing the story of Diana and Actaeon, or with a Sleep of Paris and a Rape of Helen formerly in the Lanckoronsky collection in Vienna. As a group they might have served as a decoration of a so-called cassone. It has been observed that on these wedding chests in early Renaissance Florence, for the first time in the history of European painting, nude figures were depicted that were true to nature.
Current Accession Number 35.634
Former Accession Number 130
Subject figure; mythology (Judgement of Paris)
Measurements 40.0 x 50.5 cm cm (estimate)
Material oil on panel
Acquisition Details Given by Sir William Burrell 1944.
Provenance H. Edmond Bonaffé, Paris; Sir T. Gibson Carmichael sale, Christie's, 1902, lot 268, as early Florentine School; Cole-Benson 1902; Sir Joseph Duveen, 1930s; Arnold Seligmann, from whom purchased by William Burrell, 1936, £2000 (purchase book, 1936, p. 67).
Principal Exhibitions Exhibition of Works by the Old Masters and Deceased Masters of the British School, Royal Academy, London, 1910, cat. no. 3, lent by R. H. Benson, as Florentine School, fifteenth century; The Burrell Collection: A Selection, Glasgow Art Gallery and Museums, Kelvingrove, 1946; The Burrell Collection Exhibition, Corporation of Glasgow Art Galleries and Museums, McLellan Galleries, 1949, cat. no. 576; , McLellan Galleries, Glasgow, 1951, cat. no. 374; , Royal Academy, London, 1960, cat. no. 279; The Art of Painting in Florence and Siena from 1250 to 1500, Wildenstein's Gallery, London, 1965, cat. no. 53, as follower of Domenico Veneziano; Glasgow's European Treasures, Glasgow Art Galleries and Museum, 1972-73; Treasures from the Burrell Collection, Hayward Gallery, London, 1975, cat. no. 1, as Domenico Veneziano.
Publications Cust, L., 'La collection de M. R.-H. Benson (Londres)', Les Arts, vol. 70, October 1907, p. 26 [;]; Borenius, T., Catalogue of Italian Paintings Collected by Robert and Evelyn Benson, London, 1914, no. 19; Schubring, P., Cassoni, Leipzig, 1915, no. 165, p. 261, as by The Paris Master; Van Marle, R., The Development of the Italian Schools of Painting, The Hague, 1923-36, vol. 10, pp. 19-20, as follower of Angelico, possibly by Michelino; Salmi, M., Paolo Uccello, Andrea del Castagno, Domenico Veneziano, Milan, 1938 [2nd edn], pp. 85-86, 175-76, plate 195a+b, as by the young Domenico Veneziano; Clark, K., Florentine Painting in the 15th Century, London, 1945, pl. 7; Italian Art and Britain, winter exhibition, London, Royal Academy, 1960, p. 106, no. 279; Longhi, R., 'Appunti su 'uno sguardo alle fotografie della mostra §Italian Art and Britain§ alla Royal Academy di Londra', Paragone, vol. 125, January-March 1960, p. 60, as Pesellino; The Burrell Collection. Pictures, Glasgow Art Gallery, McLellan Galleries, Glasgow, undated (ill.); The Art of Painting in Florence and Siena from 1250 to 1500, Wildenstein's Gallery, London, 1965, no. 53; Zeri, F., 'Shorter Notices: Italian Pictures at Messrs Wildenstein's', Burlington Magazine, no. 746, vol. 107, May 1965, p. 255, as 'Pesellineque'; Wohl, H., The Paintings of Domenico Veneziano ca. 1410-1461: A Study in Florentine Art of the Early Renaissance, New York, 1980, no. 27, pp. 154-56, under 'Apocryphal Works'.

As Zeri (1965) wrote: 'There is no reason to continue to place this panel in the proximity of Domenico Veneziano since all its features are utterly Pesellinesque, and close to the early period of Domenico di Michelino. The Pesellinesque character (...) is further emphasized by its proximity to Domenico Veneziano's panels from Cambridge, which belong to an entirely different culture.' This statement was also positively quoted by Wohl (p. 155) who, whithout expressing clearly his own opinion about its attribution, gives a report of former proposals.

It has been suggested by Schubring that the painting once belonged to the same cassone as a Sleep of Paris and a Rape of Helen formerly in the Lanckoronsky collection in Vienna; these disappeared during or after World War II. Another proposal was that it had been paired with a Diana and Actaeon from the Fuld collection, at Frankfurt am Main, sold at Sotheby's, 8 April 1981, lot 90. But all these paintings differed in size by some centimeters from the Burrell Judgement of Paris.

Rights Owner Culture and Sport Glasgow (Museums)
Author Dr Heiner Krellig



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