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After Belle, Alexis-Simon (French painter, 1674-1734) , Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

Core Record

Title Prince James Francis Edward Stuart
Collection National Trust for Scotland (Falkland Palace)
Artist After Belle, Alexis-Simon (French painter, 1674-1734)
Previously attributed to French School
Date Earliest about 1711
Date Latest about 1713
Description Prince James Francis Edward Stuart was the only son of the Roman Catholic King of England James II by his second wife, Mary of Modena, the sitter was known as James III of England and James VIII of Scotland by his supporters and as 'The Old Pretender' by his opponents. James II having been deposed by the 'Glorious Revolution' of 1688, his son was taken secretly across the channel to Saint-Germain-en-Laye when two months old where his father set up court. James was proclaimed King of England by Louis XIV on the death of his father in 1701. However, his adherence to the Roman Catholic faith prompted the English Parliament to pass a bill of attainder against him. Alexis-Simon Belle took on the mantle of painter of the Stuarts in exile after Largillierre and de Troy in 1701, calling himself Peintre de Sa Majeste Britannique. The prime version of this portrait was painted around 1712, either in Saint Germain en Laye or Bar le Duc where the exiled court moved in 1713.
Current Accession Number 52 pending2
Subject portrait (Prince James Edward Stuart)
Measurements 28 x 23 cm (estimate)
Material oil on panel
Acquisition Details Unknown.
Notes The National Portrait Gallery version (348) is dated to 1712. The prime version is in Government Art Collection, no. 3534.
Rights Owner National Trust for Scotland
Author Dr Patricia Smyth



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