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After Veronese, Paolo (Italian painter and draftsman, 1528-1588) , Crucifixion

Core Record

Title Crucifixion
Collection Royal Cornwall Museum, Royal Institution of Cornwall, Truro
Artist After Veronese, Paolo (Italian painter and draftsman, 1528-1588)
Attributed to Northern European School
Previously attributed to Flemish School
Previously attributed to Italian School
Previously attributed to Teniers, David, II (Flemish painter, 1610-1690)
Previously attributed to Veronese, Paolo (Italian painter and draftsman, 1528-1588)
Date Earliest possibly about 1700
Date Latest possibly about 1800
Description A small crucifixion scene in the style of Veronese, with the Magdalene kneeling at the foot of the cross, the Virgin fainting, and St John the Evangelist to the right of the composition. Other figures crowd the composition, including mounted soldiers.
Current Accession Number TRURI:1947.10
Inscription front uc (top of the cross) 'INRI'
Subject religion ( St Mary Magdalene, the Virgin Mary, St John the Evangelist)
Measurements 67.5 x 51 cm (estimate)
Material oil on canvas
Acquisition Details Given by Alfred A. de Pass 1947.
Publications Wright, C., Old Master Paintings in Britain: An Index of Continental Paintings Executed Before c. 1800 in Public Collections in the United Kingdom, London, 1976, p. 65, as Flemish school, seventeenth century.

Crest branded in several places on the stretcher remains unidentified (probably an earlierr owner); label on reverse of frame 'SULLY'S PICTURE MOUNTING AND FRAMING, CLEANING AND RESTORING ARWENACK ST. POST OFFICE, FALMOUTH TELEPHONE 293.'; inscription on stretcher: 'Paul (Veronese;)'; label recorded in museum records 'Teniers David the Younger 17th C'.

The work is a pastiche rather than a copy after Veronese. The principal group comprising the Virgin, the Magdalene and St John the Evangelist is adapted from Veronese's Crucifixion (before 1581, S Sebastiano, Venice) which was reproduced in a print by Agostino Carracci - possibly the source of the Truro picture. The work has been previously attributed to Paolo Veronese (before accession;), Italian School (de Pass collection and on accession), seventeenth-century Flemish School (Wright (1976)), Teniers II (since 1988). The attribution away from Teniers II and the description of the work as ‘north european' school rather than Flemish is made on advice from Fred G. Meijer, Curator of Old Master Paintings, Netherlands Institute for Art History (RKD).

Alfred A. de Pass (1861-1953) was born in South Africa, where his father and grandfather had established a business empire which included interests in shipping, guano, copper mining and sugar farming. After retiring from the family firm at age 36, Alfred pursued his interest in art collecting. For a period he lived in Cornwall, where he took an active interest in the Truro museum, then called the Royal Institution of Cornwall. In 1917 he was elected Associate of the Institution and in 1920 became its Vice-President. His gifts to the museum between 1914 and 1947 included many works of Western European fine and decorative art, including an important collection of old master drawings, as well as Oriental paintings, ceramics, metal work and textiles. For a list of Mr de Pass' donations of Western European paintings and drawings to the Truro museum up to 1936 see G. Penrose (cited below). He also donated to a number of other museums, including the National Gallery, the Tate, the National Portrait Gallery, Bristol Museum and Art Gallery, the Fitzwilliam, and the South African National Gallery.

The work is cited in a list of works intended for donation to the collection, compiled by Mr Daniel de Pass (18 December, 1946): ‘4. The Crucifixion ; Italian School 262 x 191/2'. Marginal annotation in pencil: '10', indicates the intended accession number.

Biographies and discussion of Mr de Pass' interests and donations may be found in: Bristol Museum and Art Gallery, The De Pass Collection: Paintings, Furniture, Ceramics etc., Illustrated Catalogue, Bristol, 1936; Popham, A.E., An Exhibition of Drawing from the Alfred A. de Pass Collection belonging to the Royal Institution of Cornwall, Truro, London, 1957; Walker, R., The De Pass Family, unpublished dissertation, Bristol Polytechnic, 1979; Price, B.D., Biographical Notes on Alfred Aaron De Pass (1861-1952) Art Benefactor Extraordinary, Falmouth, 1982; Nail, N., ‘The Cornish curator and the cosmopolitan collector: a note on George Penrose, 1876-1951, and Alfred de Pass, 1861-1953', Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall, 1993, New Series II, I, 3, pp. 277-89; Berriman, H., ‘Introduction' in M. Joannides, Exhibition Catalogue of Master Drawing from the De Pass Collection, Royal Cornwall Museum, Truro, London, 1994, pp. 7-11; Tietze, A., The Alfred de Pass Presentation to the South African National Gallery, exhibition catalogue, South African National Gallery, Cape Town, 1995; Irvine, G., and T. Daniel, Japanese Collection, Royal Cornwall Museum, Cornwall, 2001.

Rights Owner Royal Cornwall Museum, Royal Institution of Cornwall, Truro
Author Dr Susan Steer



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