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Core Record

Title Classical Landscape
Collection The Collection: Art and Archaeology in Lincolnshire (Usher Gallery, Lincoln)
Artist Attributed to Onofri, Crescenzio (Italian landscapist, after 1632-after 1712)
Previously attributed to Bril, Paul (Flemish landscapist and fresco painter, 1554-1626, active in Rome)
Previously attributed to Dughet, Gaspard (French landscape painter, 1615-1675, active in Italy)
Previously attributed to Mulier, Pieter, the younger (Dutch painter, ca. 1637-1701)
Date Earliest about 1660
Date Latest about 1720
Description This is one of a pair of landscapes which are now attributed to Crescenzio Onofrio. An Italian, Onofrio was the only pupil of Gaspard Dughet, a French artist who worked in Rome in the mid-seventeenth century and whose work was much admired. This landscape is typical of Onofrio's work, in which a carefully balanced composition respects a model established in the early seventeenth century by Annibale Carracci, and the narrative content is reduced in scale.
Current Accession Number LCNUG:1927.2251
Subject animal (horse); landscape; figure; marine
Measurements 178.0 x 235 cm.0 cm (estimate)
Material oil on canvas
Acquisition Details Given by J. Hermaine Smith 1950;
Provenance Probably bought in Palermo by A. Boyce (or Royce[;]) Melville of Branston, Lincoln, about 1830; sold by Phillips, Bond Street, to Thomas Rickette (or Ricketty[;]) of The House, Bristol; Messrs R. E. Hiscocke of Preston.
Publications Wright, C., Old Master Paintings in Britain: An Index of Continental Old Master Paintings Executed before c.1800 in Public Collections in the United Kingdom, London, 1976, p. 244, as by Mulier the younger.

Related work, inv. no.: LCNUG:1927/2252.

The chronology of previous owners is uncertain, as is the exact date of the donation; the paintings were probably given to the gallery in 1950, although other records indicate a slightly earlier date, or instead 1955-56.

Thomas Rickette, a previous owner, believed that this landscape and its companion were the work of Gaspard Dughet. After seeing the paintings in 1963, Michael Compton of the Ferens Gallery supported the attribution to Dughet, although he suggested that the figures might be the work of another artist. Correspondence in the Usher Gallery archive records an attribution to Paul Bril (1972). The attribution to Mulier was made by Clovis Whitfield of Agnews and Sons (correspondence, 1972). Michael Levey agreed with Whitfield's suggestion (correspondence, 1973). The attribution to Onofrio was possibly made by Marcel Roethlisberger, of Geneva University (correspondence, 1977). Roethlisberger also suggested Francesco Maria Bassi the Elder, il Cremonese.

Rights Owner The Collection: Art and Archaeology in Lincolnshire
Author Dr Angela Smith



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