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Painting Title Cattle
Collection York Art Gallery
Artist Stocquart, Ildephonse (Belgian artist, 1819-1889)
Date Earliest possibly about 1845
Date Latest 1881
Signed yes
Description A bull, a sheep and two ducks are depicted on a meadow. Landscapes with animals in the foreground were a distinct sub-type in Dutch and Flemish Golden Age painting of the 17th century, and cattle were a symbol of prosperity. In the 19th century most European nations turned towards their own history and cultural roots; in the case of the Dutch and Belgian painting it was popular to get back to the images of the 'Golden Age'. Ildephonse Stocquart was a Belgian painter of lanscapes and animals. He was a student of Julien-Joseph Ducorron, a director of the Academy at Ath. The signature on this work is barely visible.
Current Accession Number YORAG : 245
Inscription front lr 'Stocquart' [?]
Subject animal (cattle)
Measurements 43.2 x 33.7 cm
Material oil on panel
Acquisition Details Bequeathed by John Burton 1882.
Principal Exhibitions Yorkshire Fine Art and Industrial Institution, Summer Exhibition, York, 1883, no. 26 as by Stocquart.
Publications Howarth, E., Catalogue of Pictures in the Permanent Collection, York, 1907, cat. 94 as by B. Stocquart; York Art Gallery Catalogue - Catalogue of Paintings, Vol. III: English and European 19th and 20th centuries, The Reserve Collection, City of York Art Gallery, York, 1974, p. 110 as attributed to Stocquart; Oil Paintings in Public Ownership. North Yorkshire, London, 2006, p. 336.

John Burton (1799-1882) was a horse dealer and farmer; he created a collection of paintings (mainly Victorian) in his villa in Poppleton, Yorkshire. He had been on the organising committees for the 1866 and 1879 exhibitions in York and decided to leave his collection to the citizens of York rather than his first choice, the National Gallery (he was persuaded to change his will a month prior to his death). The Burton Bequest of 127 pictures founded the York Gallery's permanent collection.

Rights Owner York Museums Trust (York Art Gallery)
Author Dr Magdalena Łanuszka



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