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Painting Title Portrait of Robert Hay-Drummond
Collection York Art Gallery
Artist Soldi, Andrea (Italian painter, ca. 1703-1771, active in Great Britain)
Date 1755 (dated)
Signed yes

A portrait of Robert Hay (1711–1776), known later as Robert Hay-Drummond of Cromlix and Innerpeffray, who was Archbishop of York from 1761 to 1776. The picture was created when the sitter was a Bishop of St. Asaph, which was between 1748 and 1761, said to be the best time of his life; he was respected in his diocese and in 1749 he married Henrietta Auriol by whom he had seven children. He was a patron of artists and was portrayed also by Sir Joshua Reynolds.

Andrea Soldi (1703–1771) was an Italian portraitist active in Britain. He was born in Florence and came to England in about 1736, working mainly for noble families (creating portraits); he died in London.

Current Accession Number YORAG : 1380
Inscription front cl 'Aa: Soldi Pinxt: / Ao 1755'
Subject portrait (Robert Hay-Drummond)
Measurements 124.5 x 98.5 cm
Material oil on canvas
Acquisition Details Purchased from Colnaghi & Co. London, with the aid of grants from the Victoria and Albert Museum, the National Art Collections Fund, York Civic Trust and an anonymous donation 1983.
Provenance Christie, Manson & Woods, London, 20 November 1981, lot 119, purchased by Colnaghi.
Principal Exhibitions The Portrait in British Art, National Portrait Gallery, London, 1991-92, no. 28.
Publications National Art Collections Fund Review, 1983, pp. 153-155; Green, R., York City Art Gallery. An Illustrated Guide, York 1991, p. 15; Rogers, M., ‘The English Episcopal Portrait 1559-1835: A Catalogue', The Burlington Magazine, April 1984, No. 973, Vol. 126, p. 239; The Portrait in British Art, National Portrait Gallery, London, 1991-92, no. 28, pp. 90-91; Oil Paintings in Public Ownership. North Yorkshire, London, 2006, p. 333.
Notes The painting was unknown until 1983 and not mentioned in any literature before that date. The file in the Gallery contains a handwritten note that reads: 'According to John Coulter purchased at Spencers of Retford by Richard Coutler for frame and then sold by him at Christies'; unfortunately Henry Spencer and Sons Auctioneers Archive kept at Bassetlaw Museum does not contain any catalogues from the 1980s, so that information cannot be verified.
Rights Owner York Museums Trust (York Art Gallery)
Author Dr Magdalena Łanuszka



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