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Painting Title Landscape with Red Sunset
Collection York Art Gallery
Artist Rousseau, Théodore (French painter, 1812-1867)
Date Earliest possibly about 1850
Date Latest possibly about 1852
Signed yes
Description This is a vivid red sunset seen past a tree, left, a small pond and distant low mountains by Étienne Pierre Théodore Rousseau, the unofficial leader of the Barbizon School. His plein-air landscape painting and thick brushwork strongly influenced the Impressionists. He settled in Barbizon in 1841. As his work grew more non-academic he was continually rejected from Salons until the 1850s (giving him the nickname 'le Grande Refuse'). Two of his paintings finally exhibited at the Salon 1850/1851 were very close in composition to YORAG : 914.
Current Accession Number YORAG : 914
Inscription front ll 'TH. R.'
Subject landscape
Measurements 30.5 x 45.8 cm
Material oil on panel
Acquisition Details Purchased from Roland, Browse & Delbanco, London 1958.
Provenance 'Small dealer's shop'; purchased by Claude Earnshaw, London; purchased by Roland, Browse & Delbanco.
Principal Exhibitions Possibly Etudes peintes de Théodore Rousseau, Le Cercle des Arts, Paris, 1867, no. 73; Lighting up the Landscape. French Impressionism and Its Origins, National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1986, no. 36; Development of 19th Century Art, Tokyo Shimbun (touring), 1994, no. 14.
Publications PREVIEW. City of York Art Gallery Quarterly, 43, July 1958, vol. XI, p. 415; York Art Gallery Catalogue - Catalogue of Paintings, Vol. III: English and European 19th and 20th centuries, The Reserve Collection, City of York Art Gallery, York, 1974, p. 174, pl. 10; Clarke, M., Lighting up the Landscape. French Impressionism and Its Origins, Edinburgh, 1986, cat. 36, p. 45; Development of 19th Century Art, Tokyo, 1994, cat. 14, p. 40; Schulman, M.,Théodore Rousseau (1812-1867), Catalogue Raisonné de l'oeuvre peint, Paris 1997, cat. 490, p. 267, dated 1855-58; Oil Paintings in Public Ownership. North Yorkshire, London, 2006, p. 329.
Notes It is likely that the painting was exhibited in Paris in 1867 (Etudes peintes de Théodore Rousseau, Le Cercle des Arts) as that listed in the catalogue as 'Lisière de forêt. Large ébauche. Au fond, effet de nuages très lumineux. 1852. 30 x 46 cm.' (Burty, Ph., Maîtres et petits maîtres : les études peintes de Théodore Rousseau, texte du catalogue de l'exposition de 1867, Paris, 1877, cat. no. 73). The composition is close to two other paintings by Rousseau (the same spot in the forest in the morning and at sunset), exhibited in Paris Salon 1850/51: one now in the Louvre in Paris (Lisière de forêt ; soleil couchant ou Sortie de forêt à Fontainebleau, R.F. 112) and the other in the Wallace Collection in London (The Forest of Fontainebleau: Morning', P 283).
Rights Owner York Museums Trust (York Art Gallery)
Author Dr Magdalena Łanuszka



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