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Painting Title Charles Hoyland
Alternative Title Lancelot Brown
Collection York Art Gallery
Artist Quadal, Martin Ferdinand (Moravian painter, 1736-1808, active throughout Europe)
Date Earliest 1777
Date Latest 1779
Description A half-length portrait of an elderly man looking left, in a green coat, his left arm resting on a copy of 'The York Courant' on a table. It is a replica of a portrait, paired with a portrait of a woman, in a private collection. The pair has always been traditionally identified as representing members of the Hoyland family, probably Charles Hoyland (1726-1785) and his wife Mary. Both sitters are buried in the parish church in Halifax. The two original portraits are reproduced in the Baverstock House, Godalming, auction catalogue English and Continental Paintings and Prints, 8 April 1998, lot 330.

Martin Ferdinand Quadal was a Moravian-Austrian painter and engraver, who visited London in the early 1770s, exhibiting at the Royal Academy, and visited Yorkshire between 1777 and 1779. Later he travelled to France and Italy, worked in Vienna, in St. Petersburg and again in London; he died in St. Petersburg.

Current Accession Number YORAG : 1178
Subject portrait (Charles Hoyland)
Measurements 76.2 x 63.5 cm
Material oil on canvas
Acquisition Details Purchased from Ashgate Gallery, Farnham 1969.
Provenance Hoyland family; by descent to John Hoyland.
Publications PREVIEW. City of York Art Gallery Quarterly, 91, July 1970, vol. XXIII, pp. 830-31; Catalogue Supplement 1974: Amendments and Additions to Catalogue Volumes I and II, City of York Art Gallery, York, 1975, p. 35; Oil Paintings in Public Ownership. North Yorkshire, London, 2006, p. 325.
Notes The painting was cleaned and relined in 1969. A version in a private collection is signed and dated 'F. Quadal 1777' and the quality suggests that YORAG : 1178 is by the same hand. A companion piece, similarly signed and dated, of an elderly lady (presumably the sitter's wife) is in the same private collection. Quadal was working in York in 1777, when he also painted a portrait of Thomas Beckwith (known only via an engraving). The identity of the sitter is open to question. There is a remarkable similarity to the distinctive features of Lancelot 'Capability' Brown (1715-83), but Brown was not in Yorkshire in 1777 (and nor was his wife), and no connection is known between between the Hoyland and Brown families, so that identification is no longer accepted.
Rights Owner York Museums Trust (York Art Gallery)
Author Dr Magdalena Łanuszka



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