|Painting Title||A Dutch Waterway|
|Collection||York Art Gallery|
|Artist||Maris, Jacob Henricus (Dutch painter, etcher, and draftsman, 1837-1899)|
|Date Earliest||about 1875|
|Date Latest||possibly about 1885|
This painting is a view of Amsterdam, of which Maris painted many variants; the most prominent building is the Schreirstoren. It was originally part of the medieval city wall of Amsterdam, built as a defensive tower in 1481. It was initialy called 'Schrayershoucktoren' (meaning in old Dutch the sharp angle tower), but later it was shorten to Schreierstoren, which could also be translated as 'Weeper's Tower'. That was a source of a legend that women wept there for their husbands, who had departed to fish; there is a gable stone in the tower, dating back to 1566, which records a woman who was so desperate at the departure of her husband that she lost her mind.
Jacob Maris was a Dutch painter, a member of the Hague School. His landscapes of rivers and mills, as well as beach views, contained large areas of sky and clouds, so the compositions may be compared to landscapes by 17th-century Dutch painters.
|Current Accession Number||YORAG : 669|
|Inscription||front lr ‘J Maris.’|
|Measurements||23.0 x 36.9 cm|
|Material||oil on canvas|
|Acquisition Details||Given by E. Milner-White, the Very Reverend Dean of York, 1953.|
|Provenance||Barbizon House, London; R. A. Peto, Bembridge; Marlborough Gallery, London, from whom purchased by E. Milner White, 1953.|
|Principal Exhibitions||French Masters of the 19th and 20th centuries, Marlborough Gallery, London, 1951, no. 52; Wasser in der Kunst vom Mittelalter bis Heute, Städtische Galerie Uberlingen, 2004.|
|Publications||PREVIEW. City of York Art Gallery Quarterly, 23, June 1953, vol. VI, p. 247; York Art Gallery Catalogue - Catalogue of Paintings, Vol. III: English and European 19th and 20th centuries, The Reserve Collection, City of York Art Gallery, York, 1974, p. 52, pl. 13; Wasser in der Kunst vom Mittelalter bis Heute, Städtisches Kulturamt Uberlingen, 2004, p. 211; Oil Paintings in Public Ownership. North Yorkshire, London, 2006, p. 308.|
There are other depictions of the same subject by Maris: the paintings in Glasgow Art Gallery and Museum (about 1880-85), the Gemeentemuseum Den Haag in Hague (about 1890), in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam (about 1879-81), and in the Philadelphia Museum of Art (dated 1882) and the drawing in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam (dated 1875).
Eric Milner Milner-White (1884-1963) was Dean of York between 1941 and his death in 1963. He served on various national committees and served on the Advisory Council of the Victoria and Albert Museum from 1944 to 1959 due to his interest in stained-glass windows. He was a collector of ceramics and was made an honorary freeman of the Worshipful Company of Glaziers in 1948. In 1952 he was awarded a Lambeth Doctorate of Divinity; he was also awarded an honorary Doctor of Letters (DLitt) in 1962 by the University of Leeds.
|Rights Owner||York Museums Trust (York Art Gallery)|
|Author||Dr Magdalena Łanuszka|