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Painting Title A Sea Battle Between Christians and Turks
Collection York Art Gallery
Artist Lingelbach, Johannes (German painter, baptized 1622, died 1674, active in the Netherlands and Italy)
Date Earliest about 1670
Date Latest 1674
Signed yes

Two boats of soldiers are fighting in the foreground with war galleys In the background, engaged beneath a stormy sky. Lingelbach is known to have painted the subject of a battle between Christians and Turks several times; it is probable that these paintings were completed about 1671, the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Lepanto. This took place on 7 October 1571, when a fleet of the Holy League defeated the main fleet of the Ottoman Empire in five hours on the northern edge of the Gulf of Corinth, off western Greece. The victory of the Holy League prevented the Ottoman Empire expanding further along the European side of the Mediterranean. Lepanto was the last major naval battle in the Mediterranean and was given great symbolic importance.

Johannes (or Johann) Lingelbach was born in Frankfurt, but in 1634 his family moved to Amsterdam. He is associated with the second generation of ‘Bambocciate', a group of genre painters working in Rome (Lingelbach travelled to Italy in 1640s and came back to Amsterdam in 1653). He painted both landscapes and genre scenes.

Current Accession Number YORAG : 2001.40
Inscription front lr 'J. L.'
Subject military; marine; figure
Measurements 36 x 45.5 cm (estimate)
Material oil on canvas
Acquisition Details Purchased from John Mitchell & Son, London, 2001 with aid from the National Art Collections Fund and the Resource/Victoria and Albert Museum Purchase Fund.
Provenance European private collection, Sotheby's New York, 21 May 1998, lot 38, purchased by John Mitchell.
Publications National Art Collection Fund Review, 2001, p. 126; Oil Paintings in Public Ownership. North Yorkshire, London, 2006, p. 305.
Notes Johannes Lingelbach created many paintings of the same subject: versions are in the Bishop's Palace in Bamberg (Bayrische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, no. 1536), in the Statens Museum in Copenhagen (no. KMSsp755) and in private collections. A drawing is in the Albertina, Vienna (inv. No. 3550). The same subject in others of Lingelbach's paintings have appeared on various auctions: Bonhams, London, 26 October 2011, lot 218; Sotheby's, London, 6 July, 2006, lot 267; Lempertz, Keulen, 21 November 2009, lot 1063; and Bonhams, London, 5 December 2007, lot 65.
Rights Owner York Museums Trust (York Art Gallery)
Author Dr Magdalena Łanuszka



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