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Painting Title Roman Charity: Cimon and Pero
Alternative Title The Roman Charity
Collection York Art Gallery
Artist Attributed to Fabritius, Barent (Dutch painter, 1624-1673)
Date Earliest about 1650
Date Latest about 1655
Description In a dimly lit interior a crouching woman nourishes a kneeling man. A figure with a sword stands in the background. The subject of Cimon, condemned by his judges to starve in prison, being breast-fed by his daughter Pero, comes from the chapter on filial piety by Valerius Maximus (in Factorum et Dictorum Memorabilium, Libri IX, v. 4). Pero was eventually found out by a jailer but her act of selflessness impressed the officials so much that they decided to release her father; it was a very popular subject in the 17th century. Barent Fabritius was a Dutch painter; he studied with his brother Carel Fabritius, and probably with Rembrandt as well.
Current Accession Number YORAG : 897
Subject literature (Valerius Maximus, Factorum et Dictorum Memorabilium); figure; interior
Measurements 38.7 x 31.7 cm
Material oil on panel
Acquisition Details Given by F.D. Lycett Green through the National Art Collections Fund 1957.
Provenance Purchased by Mrs. Samson, Newport, at Sir Beddoe Rees' sale; purchased by Mr Quilter of Gooden & Fox from P. & D. Colnaghi, London, 1957; purchased by F. D. Lycett Green 1957.
Principal Exhibitions Old Masters, Colnaghi Gallery, London, 1957, no. 9.
Publications Pont, D., Barent Fabritius, Utrecht, 1958, cat. 30, pp. 39, 115, pl. 16; PREVIEW. City of York Art Gallery Quarterly, 40, October 1957, vol. X, pp. 394-95; York Art Gallery Catalogue - Catalogue of Paintings, Vol. I: Foreign Schools 1350-1800, City of York Art Gallery, York, 1961, p. 56, pl. 43; Wright, C. and Robertson, A., Dutch Seventeenth Century Paintings from Yorkshire Public Collections, Leeds, 1982, p. 194; Sumowski, W., Gemälde der Rembrandt-Schüler, vol. 2, Landau-Pfalz, 1983, no. 553; Oil Paintings in Public Ownership. North Yorkshire, London, 2006, p. 277.
Notes

Francis Denis Lycett Green (1893-1959) was a member of the wealthy industrial Green family from Wakefield that was among the great philanthropic benefactors of York. He began buying pictures during the 1920s, advised by some of the most famous art historians of the day. By the 1940s, he owned examples from almost every school and period of European Art – a comprehensive collection of over 130 paintings dating back from the early 14th century to the end of the 18th century, representing every important European school of art. In 1952, he offered it to the National Gallery of South Africa, having moved to Cape Town in the hope that the climate would improve his health (which was poor because he was badly injured in the First World War). However when a dispute arose with the Cape Town Gallery, Francis withdrew his pictures in protest and shipped them back to England. The entire collection of 130 pictures was at first on loan to the York Art Gallery and in the spring of 1955 he decided to give it to the Gallery.

Rights Owner York Museums Trust (York Art Gallery)
Author Dr Magdalena Łanuszka
 

 

 

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