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Painting Title Landscape with Cattle
Alternative Title Steer Ruminating in a Glade; Young Steer and Three Sheep
Collection York Art Gallery
Artist Dujardin, Karel (Dutch painter and printmaker, 1626-1678)
Date 1655 (dated)
Signed yes
Description Sheep and a steer are depicted against thick tree foliage and a distant city wall. Karel Dujardin was a Dutch Golden Age painter, possibly a pupil of Nicolaes Berchem. He went to Italy and spent some time working in Rome. Although he did a few portraits and a few paintings of religious subjects, most of his works are small Italianate landscape scenes with animals such as this, as well as genre scenes. The date has been read in the past as 1651, 1661 and 1677, although the picture is in the style of the 1650s. Karel Dujardin was a Dutch painter and etcher, born in Amsterdam in 1622 and died in Venice in 1678; he worked mostly in Italy: he joined so called Bentvueghels (meaning 'Birds of a Feather'), a group of Dutch artists active in Rome about 1620-1720, painters, sculptors, engravers and poets. He also spent some time in Amsterdam, where his paintings were highly appreciated.
Current Accession Number YORAG : 759
Inscription front ll: 'K. Dv Jardin.fe.1655'
Subject landscape; animal
Measurements 28.5 x 28.5 cm
Material oil on panel (oak)
Acquisition Details Given by F.D. Lycett Green through the National Art Collections Fund 1955.
Provenance William Fauquier sale, 12 April 1758, purchased by Lord Anson, as dated 1651; by descent to Lord Lichfield; Lichfield sale, Shugborough Hall, 10 August 1842, lot 68, purchased by Sir Robert Holford as dated 1651; by descent to Sir George Lindsay Holford; Holford sale, Christie, Manson & Woods, London, 17 May 1928, lot 18, purchased by F.D. Lycett Green.
Principal Exhibitions British Institution, London 1851, no. 33; The Old Master and the Deceased Masters of British School, Royal Academy, London, 1887, no. 89; Burlington Fine Arts Club Winter Exhibition, London, 1900, no. 41; Yorkshire Loan Exhibition of Pictures at the Judges' Lodgings, York 1934, no. 56; F.D. Lycett Green Gift, York City Art Gallery, 1955, no. 34.
Publications Waagen, G.F., Galleries and cabinets of art in Great Britain: being an account of more than forty collections of paintings, drawings, sculptures, mss., &c. &c. visited in 1854 and 1856, and now for the first time described Supplement, London 1857, p. 102; The Holford Collection, Dorchester House., Oxford 1927, vol. II, cat. 153, p. CXXXVIII as ‘Steer Ruminating in a Glade'; Nicholson, B., ‘The Lycett Green Gift to York', The Burlington Magazine, XCVII, April 1955, p. 99; Brochhagen, E., Karel Dujardin: Ein Beitrag zum Italianismus in Holland im 17. Jahrhundert, Cologne, 1958, p. 36; York Art Gallery Catalogue - Catalogue of Paintings, Vol. I: Foreign Schools 1350-1800, City of York Art Gallery, York, 1961, p. 52, pl. 58; Catalogue Supplement 1974: Amendments and Additions to Catalogue Volumes I and II, City of York Art Gallery, York, 1975, p. 10; Wright, C. and Robertson, A., Dutch Seventeenth Century Paintings from Yorkshire Public Collections, Leeds, 1982, p. 120; Oil Paintings in Public Ownership. North Yorkshire, London, 2006, p. 263.

Francis Denis Lycett Green (1893-1959) was a member of the wealthy industrial Green family from Wakefield that was among the great philanthropic benefactors of York. He began buying pictures during the 1920s, advised by some of the most famous art historians of the day. By the 1940s, he owned examples from almost every school and period of European Art – a comprehensive collection of over 130 paintings dating back from the early 14th century to the end of the 18th century, representing every important European school of art. In 1952, he offered it to the National Gallery of South Africa, having moved to Cape Town in the hope that the climate would improve his health (which was poor because he was badly injured in the First World War). However when a dispute arose with the Cape Town Gallery, Francis withdrew his pictures in protest and shipped them back to England. The entire collection of 130 pictures was at first on loan to the York Art Gallery and in the spring of 1955 he decided to give it to the Gallery.

Rights Owner York Museums Trust (York Art Gallery)
Author Dr Magdalena Łanuszka



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