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Painting Title Campagna Landscape
Alternative Title Italian Landscape
Collection York Art Gallery
Artist Dughet, Gaspard (French landscape painter, 1615-1675, active in Italy)
Date Earliest about 1672
Date Latest 1675
Description Gaspard Dughet, also known as Gaspard Poussin, was a French painter born in Rome. Many of his paintings were inspired by the landscape around Rome (the Campagna). His works were admired by the British in the 18th century, as Italian architecture and landscapes were very popular source of inspiration for both British painters and landscape designers. This painting belonged to William Kent (1685–1748), an eminent architect, landscape and furniture designer of the early 18th century. YORAG : 1478 was engraved by James Mason in 1744 (G.27) with the inscription confirming both the attribution (‘Gaspar Poussin pinxit') and William Kent's ownership of the painting. The print was one of a group after Italian landscapes published by Arthur Pond and Charles Knapton 1741-1746.
Current Accession Number YORAG : 1478
Subject landscape; figure
Measurements 37 x 49 cm (estimate)
Material oil on canvas
Acquisition Details Purchased from the British Rail Pension Fund 1995, with the aid of the Museums and Galleries Commission through the Victoria and Albert Museum, the National Heritage Memorial Fund and the Friends of the York Art Gallery.
Provenance Purchased by William Kent, probably in Rome between 1710 and 1719; William Kent sale, Langford's, Covent Garden 13-14 February 1749; William Benoni White's sale, Christie, Manson & Woods, London 23 May 1879, lot 94, purchased by Bapeti; Christie, Manson & Woods, London 5 November 1965, lot 12, purchased by Hazlitt Gallery; Hazlitt Gallery London, May 1966, from whom purchased by private collector from; purchased by the British Rail Pension Fund 1975.
Principal Exhibitions Italian and the Italianate, Hazlitt Gallery, London, 1966, no. 12.
Publications Wheeler Manwaring, E., Italian Lanscape in Eighteenth-century England, 1925, p. 181; Steward Byrne, J., Gaspar Dughet and XVIIIth century England, unpubished thesis, New York University, Institute of Fine Arts, 1942, p. 32; Chiarini, M., ‘Alcuni quadric di paesaggio nel Museo di Belle Arte di Budapest', Bulletin du Musee hongrois des Beaux-Arts de Budapest, no. 32-33, 1969, p. 126; Boisclair, M.-N., Gaspar Dughet: Sa vie et son œuvre, Paris 1986, cat. 379, pp. 284-85; Oil Paintings in Public Ownership. North Yorkshire, London, 2006, p. 263.
Notes There are two copies of YORAG : 1478, one is in the Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest (attributed to Dughet but it has been suggested it might be by Jan Frans van Bloemen, called l'Orizzonte, 1662-1749) and the other was sold in Sotheby's London (7 April 1982, lot 40, as by Orizzonte). The painting was lent by the British Rail Pension Fund to York City Art Gallery 1980-1994 and in 1995, after an attempted sale at Sotheby's, London (December 1994, lot 27).
Rights Owner York Museums Trust (York Art Gallery)
Author Dr Magdalena Łanuszka



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