|Collection||York Art Gallery|
|Artist||After Caullery, Louis de (Flemish painter and draftsman, ca.1580-ca. 1621)|
|Date Earliest||about 1615|
|Date Latest||possibly about 1630|
|Description||Christ on the cross with the crucified thieves on each side, surrounded by a crowd of soldiers and bystanders by a follower or imitator of Louis de Caullery. Born probably near Cambrai, de Caullery become a master in Antwerp Guild of St. Luke in 1602 and may have visited Italy. He was a follower of Paul Vredeman de Vries, but his paintings have often been misattributed to Frans Francken II. He produced numerous similar depictions of the Crucifixion, now in various collections, dated usually about 1610-20. He must have been very popular, as there are numerous copies of his works dating mostly to the early 17th century; YORAG : 58 is identical in composition to some of them. Nevertheless, YORAG : 58 is painted in a slightly different style than any of the other versions listed in Notes.|
|Current Accession Number||YORAG : 58|
|Subject||religion (Crucifixion); figure; landscape; animal (horse)|
|Measurements||59.6 x 83.8 cm|
|Material||oil on panel|
|Acquisition Details||Bequeathed by John Burton 1882.|
|Principal Exhibitions||Yorkshire Fine Art and Industrial Institution, Summer Exhibition, York, 1883, no. 120 as after Albert Durer.|
|Publications||York Art Gallery Catalogue - Catalogue of Paintings, Vol. I: Foreign Schools 1350-1800, City of York Art Gallery, York, 1961, p.78 as Flemish School 16th century; Díaz Padrón, M., Royo-Villanova, M., ‘Una "Crucifixión" de Louis de Caulery en el Museo del Prado', Boletín del Museo del Prado, 14, 1993, No. 32, p. 49 (mentioned as after Caullery, of lower quality); Oil Paintings in Public Ownership. North Yorkshire, London, 2006, p. 280 as Flemish School.|
|Notes||YORAG : 58 is generally described as by an unknown Flemish artist. There was a proposed attribution to Frans Francken and Prof. Gerson proposed the attribution to Louis de Caullery (letter in the museum files, 14th June 1955). YORAG : 58 is obvoiusly based on the Crucifixion by Caullery (for example a painting described as studio of Caullery, sold at Aguttes, Neuilly-sur-Seine 5 November 2013, lot 14, or another one, described as circle of Caullery, sold at Fisher, Lucerne, 10 June 2009, lot 1018, and one more at Dorotheum, Vienna, 15 October 2008, lot 344) but it is different in style. It is more likely a copy than a workshop work.
John Burton (1799-1882) was a horse dealer and farmer; he created a collection of paintings (mainly Victorian) in his villa in Poppleton, Yorkshire. He had been on the organising committees for the 1866 and 1879 exhibitions in York and decided to leave his collection to the citizens of York rather than his first choice, the National Gallery (he was persuaded to change his will a month prior to his death). The Burton Bequest of 127 pictures founded the York Gallery's permanent collection.
|Rights Owner||York Museums Trust (York Art Gallery)|
|Author||Dr Magdalena Łanuszka|