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Core Record

Title The Entombment
Alternative Title The Entombing of Lazarus
Collection Hunterian Art Gallery, University of Glasgow
Artist Rembrandt van Rijn (Dutch painter, draftsman, and printmaker, 1606-1669)
Date Earliest possibly about 1620
Date Latest possibly about 1639
Description This is one of a small group of almost monochrome sketches by Rembrandt. Its subject is the very popular biblical theme of the entombment of Christ. His lifeless body is wrapped in linen and laid to rest in a tomb by a group of followers. If the painting is a sketch it is not clear if it was made in preparation for another work. It is clearly closely related to the (vertical format) picture commissioned for Prince Frederick Henry of Orange (Munich, Alte Pinakothek), painted between 1636 and 1639 and forming part of the Passion series (1632-1646). This panel is probably the "schets van de begraeffenis Christi" - a sketch of the entombment of Christ - which was listed in the contents of Rembrandt's house at the time of his bankruptcy in 1656. It has been suggested that this painting is a sketch for an etching that was never executed but also that it is simply a small unfinished painting.
Current Accession Number GLAHA43785
Subject religion (Entombment of Christ); figure
Measurements 32.2 x 40.5 cm
Material oil on panel (hardwood {oak})
Acquisition Details Bequeathed by Dr William Hunter 1783.
Provenance Sir Robert Strange sale, Christie's, London, 7-9 Feb. 1771, lot 61, purchased by Dr William Hunter for 12.12.0.
Principal Exhibitions Rembrandt Tentoonstelling, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 1898, cat. no. 28; Exhibition of Dutch art, London, Royal Academy, 1929, cat. no. 152; Rembrandt, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 1932, cat. no. 9; Rembrandt, National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1950, cat. no. 13; The Hunterian Collection: An Eighteenth-Century Gentleman's Cabinet, Iveagh Bequest Kenwood, London County Council, 1952, cat. no. 25; Rembrandt, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 1956, cat. no. 30; From the Primitives to Picasso Royal Academy, London, 1961, cat. no. 122; Glasgow University's Pictures, P. & D.Colnaghi & Co. Ltd, London, 1973, cat. no.12; Dutch Art and Scotland: A Reflection of Taste, National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1992, cat. no. 48; Rembrandt's Journey, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 2003-2004, cat. no. 46; "My Highest Pleasures": William Hunter's Art Collection, Hunterian Art Gallery, Glasgow, 2007, no. 19; Rembrandt and the Passion, Hunterian Art Gallery, Glasgow, 2012, cat. no. 1.
Publications Dennistoun, J., Memoirs of Sir Robert Strange, Knt., ...and of his Brother-in-law, Andrew Lumsden, 1855, p. 180; Hofstede de Groot, C., Hollandsche Kunst in Schotland, Oud Holland, XI, 1893, pp. 146-147; Allan, C.J., A Guidebook to the Hunterian Art Gallery of the University of Glasgow, 1991, pp. 11, 26, 27; Black, Peter, ed., "My Highest Pleasures": William Hunter's Art Collection, London, 2007, pp. 125-6, 178, ill. p. 72; Black, Peter, Rembrandt and the Passion, Munich, London, New York, 2012, passim.
Notes Inscriptions on the verso in ink: '43 No 97'; and in red crayon: '14'. The period between 1632-1636 produced much of Rembrandt's religious themed work, often including high contrast brush work and dramatic subject matter. The Entombment typifies this criteria. The Rembrandt Research Project categorised this work as autograph, and there are no known copies, further strengthening its claim to be an important personal working out of a passion theme which Rembrandt kept among his own possessions.
Rights Owner Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery, University of Glasgow
 

 

 

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