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Designing Britain 1945 - 1975 > Fabrics Forming Society > Research Base > Glossary
 
GLOSSARY

Understanding textile terminology is an important skill. The list below comprises the materials and fabrics referred to in this module. There are various texts to which the student should turn, for example Helen Anstey and Terry Weston, The Anstey Guide to Textile Terms, Weston Publishing, 1997. Alternatively, students may like to cut and paste the terms into an on-line glossary e.g. http://www.fabriclink.com/
 
Reference Text: Knitting

Jane Waller, A Stitch in Time, knitting and crochet patterns of the 20s, 30s & 40s, Duckworth, London, 1972

1940s/1950s/1960s: Knitting
Wools recommended by the knitting pattern companies as illustrated in the module's images. Names listed are natural and man-made fibres, wools, trademarks and terms.

Angora, Baby wool, Bedjacket Floss, Cottons, Crepes, Crimp courtelle, Crochet, Double knit crepe, Double knitting, Fine Ply, Fingering wool, Four Ply, Mending wool, Nylox wool, Patonised wool, Pure wool, Purple Heather wool, Sock wool, Three Ply
 
Reference Text: Sewing

Irene C. Kleeberg, The Butterick Fabric Handbook, Butterick, New York, 1975

1940s/1950s: Home Dressmaking and Dresses
Materials and fabrics recommended by the sewing pattern companies for the garments illustrated in the module's images, and for the Design Collection dresses. Names listed are natural and man-made fibres, fabrics and trademarks.

Bemberg, Callico, Celanese, Challis, Chambray, Chintz, Corduroy (plaid, plain) Cotton( broadcloth, damask, polished, print, taffeta, tweed) Crepe ( lingerie, sheer, silk, wool) Dacron, Denim, Dimity, Dotted Swiss, Faille, Felt, Flannelette, Flock, Foulard, Gingham, Jersey (cotton, mat, wool) Lace Linen (handkerchief) Muslin, Nylon, Organdy, Ottoman, Peau de Soie, Percale Pique, Plisse, Pongee, Rayon, Sailcloth, Satin, Shantung, Sharkskin, Silk(surah), Taffeta, Terrycloth, Tussah, Tweed, Velveteen, Voile, Woollen (lightweight, sheer)

1950s/1960s: Home Dressmaking and Dresses
Barathea, Brocade, Broadcloth, Chiffon, Corduroy, Cotton (net, sateen, satin, suede), Crepe, Denim, Duck, Eyelet, Faille, Flannel, Gabardine, Gingham, Illusion (net), Jacquard, Jersey, Lace (bonded), Linen, Matelasse, Metallic brocade, Moire, Ottoman, Peau de soie, Pique, Poplin, Rayon (net), Sailcloth, Satin, Seersucker, Shantung, Sharkskin, Silk (doupioni, linen, shantung, surah), Synthetics and blends, Taffeta, Terrycloth, Tweed, Tulle, Velveteen, Wool (challis, crepe)
 
Reference Text: Textile Design - furnishing

Mary Schoeser and Celia Rufey, English and American Textiles from 1790 to the present, Thames and Hudson, USA, 1989

1940s/1950s/1960s: Textile Design - furnishing
Materials and fabrics used through the 1940s,1950s and the 1960s. Names listed are natural and man-made fibres, fabrics and trademarks.

Acrylic (modified, synthetic), Canvas , Cheesecloth, Chiffon, Cotton (dotted swiss, madras), Dacron, Damask, Dimity, Gingham, Glass, Jacquard, Jersey, Leather, Linen, Nylon, Plastic, Polyester, Rayon, Satin , Silk, Ticking, Velvet, Vinyl, Viscose, Wool.
 
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